Subsidiaries are legal entities with capital that is partially or totally owned by foreign companies. However, the management of the subsidiary is not conditioned by the foreign capital, and the entity is able to handle business contracts, hire employees or issue and transfer shares.
Double taxation refers to the fact that two countries collect simultaneously taxes on the same company. This situation often arises when companies have subsidiaries or branches in various countries.
Luxembourg is a small country in Western Europe and it comprises of two principal regions: Oesling in the north part and Gutland in the south. Due to its central location in Europe, it always had a great strategic importance for numerous other countries that established commercial or financial business relationships with Luxembourg.
Luxembourg has a policy of maintaining relatively low income taxes and social insurance costs. The total corporate tax is moderate, in comparison with other European countries. Companies that are doing business in Luxembourg are subject to corporate income tax, municipal business tax, minimum tax, net worth tax, Chamber of Commerce contribution and VAT. However, there is no branch tax and no excess profits tax.
As far as taxation goes, Luxembourg has an overall moderate tax rate in comparison with other European countries. There are 4 main categories of taxes: corporate taxes, withholding taxes, indirect taxes and taxes on individuals as they are regulated by the current tax legislation.